Pinchbackwas of majority European heritage, from several nationalities, and also of African and Cherokee descent. His father was a prosperous farmer, originally born into slavery in Hancock County, Georgia. InToomer published the High Modernist novel Cane, in which he used a variety of forms, and material inspired by his time in Georgia.
Connecting with his heritage The summer of found Toomer back in Washington, D. At that time, angered by her husband's abandonment, her father insisted they use another name for her son and started calling him Eugene, after the boy's godfather. His exploration of his father's roots in Hancock County, as well as being forced into witnessing the segregation and labor peonage of the Deep South, led him to identify more strongly as an African American.
He died in after several years of poor health. In Toomer married a second time, to Marjorie Contentdaughter of a wealthy Jewish stockbroker.
Several lynchings of black men took place in Georgia duringas whites continued to enforce white supremacy with violence. In he married a second time, to Marjorie Content.
In the Toomers moved to Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Toomer never earned a degree, but he continued to read and study many great literary works, such as those by playwrights George Bernard Shaw — and Henrik Ibsen —poet Walt Whitman —and novelist and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe — He had conceived it as a short-story cycle, and acknowledged the influence of Sherwood Anderson's Winesburg, Ohio as his model, in addition to other influential works of that period.
University of North Carolina Press, Interviews. House of Representatives and Senate in andrespectively, but lost challenges by Democrats in Congress.
Several lynchings of black men took place in Georgia duringas whites continued to enforce white supremacy with violence. The first third of the book is devoted to the black experience in the Southern farmland. The school was in the center of Hancock County and the Black Belt miles southeast of Atlanta, near where his father had lived.
He did not want to be bound by race and claimed to be an American and represent a new mixed culture. The second part of Cane is more urban and concerned with Northern life. Poems by Jean Toomer. Toomer was criticized violently by some for marrying a European-American woman.
Toomer wrote extensively from to about relationships between the genders, influenced by his Gurdjieff studies, as well as Jungian psychology.
Cane was well received by black and white critics and was reissued intwo years after Toomer's death. Later work[ edit ] In the s, Toomer and Frank were among many Americans who were very interested in the work of the spiritual leader George Ivanovitch Gurdjiefffrom the Russian Empire, who had a lecture tour in the United States in Louisiana State University Press, He devoted several months to the study of Eastern philosophies and continued to be interested in this.
We will pay you,' say the whites. In the Toomers moved to Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Jones, editor, Jean Toomer: I think he never claimed that he was a white man," Mr. His maternal grandfather, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback, had been a Republican lieutenant governor of Louisiana who was of mixed heritage and openly identified himself as black.
As he wrote to his publisher Horace Liveright"My racial composition and my position in the world are realities that I alone may determine.
Jean Toomer was a poet, playwright, novelist and short-story writer whose first novel, Cane, was an inspiration for many Harlem Renaissance writers.
of African-American life, though Toomer Born: Dec 26, An important figure in African-American literature, Jean Toomer (—) was born in Washington, DC, the grandson of the first governor of African-American descent in the United States. A poet, playwright, and novelist, Toomer’s most famous work, Cane, was published in and was hailed by critics for its literary experimentation and portrayal of African-American characters and.
Toomer never earned a degree, but he continued to read and study many great literary works, such as those by playwrights George Bernard Shaw (–) and Henrik Ibsen (–), poet Walt Whitman (–), and novelist and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (–). After finally leaving college, Toomer moved around a lot.
Cane is a novel by noted Harlem Renaissance author Jean janettravellmd.com novel is structured as a series of vignettes revolving around the origins and experiences of African Americans in the United States. The vignettes alternate in structure between narrative prose, poetry, and play-like passages of janettravellmd.com a result, the novel has been classified as a composite novel or as a short story cycle.
Jean Toomer’s Cane is one of the most influential works in the history of African-American literature. A “literary work” is truly the most appropriate term for Cane, certainly more appropriate than “novel.” Cane is comprised of sketches written in prose, poems, and even a play.
Some poems. The Souls of Black Folk is a classic work of American literature by W. E. B. Du Bois. It is a seminal work in the history of sociology, and a cornerstone of African-American literary history Jean Toomer. an American poet and novelist and an important figure of the Harlem Renaissance and modernism.
His first book Cane (stories blacks around.The life and literary works of jean toomer an american poet and novelist